Population: approx. 1.36 billion
Size: 9,597,995 square kilometres (incl. Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau)
Language: Standard Chinese ("Putonghua"), dialects of Chinese; various minority languages (Mongolian, Tibetan, Uyghur, Turkic, Korean) -你好(Nihao)
National holiday: 1st October
China is the country with the most climatic zones in the world! In general the best times to travel there are from April to early June and between September and November. The climatic zones range from the north western desert in Xinjiang, the inner Mongolian grasslands, the moderate and Alpine forests and pastures to the rice fields and subtropical vegetation, the tropical rainforest and the sunny beaches.
China holds the record as the most highly populated country in the world. A fifth of the global population is Chinese. Although there are over 700 last names in China, the majority of Chinese people share around 20 very common names. Incidentally, since the 80s each couple in China has generally only been allowed to have one child in order to halt over-population. Only in certain exceptional cases are couples allowed two children, for example if both parents are only children.