Continent: Europe / Asia
Population: 143.3 million
Size: 17,098,200 square kilometres
Language: Russian – привет (Priwjét)
Currency: Russian Ruble
National holiday: 12th June – Independence Day (Declaration of Sovereignty of the Russian Federation), since 2001 “Russia Day”
Russia has two climatic zones. The European part has very hot summers and extremely cold winters. The winters in Siberia are arctic, with the permafrost creating ice fields that do not melt at all throughout the year. That is a clear indication of how cold it is there. From the end of June until mid-July you can see a particularly impressive natural spectacle in Saint Petersburg, the “white nights” where the sun doesn’t set. It starts to get dusky just before midnight, immersing the city in a silvery light. The sun then rises fully again at 4 in the morning.
Russia has the longest direct railway line in the world. The country is so massive that you can spend 6 whole days travelling through the middle of the country on the Trans-Siberian Railway and see the most diverse regions. Because Russia is so vast it has nine different time zones.