Capital: Pretoria; Lufthansa does not offer flights to Pretoria but to Cape Town and Johannesburg
Population: 51.7 million
Size: 1,219,090 square kilometres
Language: All 11 languages are official languages: isi Zulu (23.8%), isi Xhosa (17.6%), Afrikaans (13.3%), sePedi (9.4%), English (8.2%), seTswana (8.2%), seSotho (7.9%), xiTsonga (4.4%), siSwati (2.7%), tshiVenda (2.3%), isiNdebele (1.6%), other languages (0.6%). German is one of the 14 other languages that is promoted in accordance with the constitution.
Currency: South African Rand
National holiday: 27th April ("Freedom Day"; anniversary of the first free elections in 1994)
It is summer in South Africa during the winter in Europe. It can reach 40 degrees in Cape Town in January. But don’t worry, thanks to the dry heat it doesn’t feel as hot as 40 degrees in Germany. If you want to visit one of the 20 national parks the best time is between December and February. If you’re lucky you might catch the “big five” (lions, leopards, buffalo, elephants and rhinos).
The official languages in South Africa are as diverse as the population. Since 1997 there are eleven recognised official languages in total! During apartheid there were just two, Afrikaans and English. Due to this linguistic diversity most South Africans speak more than one language.